Alternatives to Deforestation (Biology and Resource

Format: Paperback

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 13.63 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

Zooplankton biomass increased by 59% about 3 wk after the phyto plankton increase. The interaction between coastal ecosystems can influence both nutrient accumulation and loss ( Ogden and Zieman, 1977 ) which makes the system more balanced. Climax communities tend to be more stable than successional communities. If it were not for this effect, the average air temperature on Earth would be ?18°C. The roots of tropical ecology can be traced to the voyages of European naturalists in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.